The Broom Shrub is a well loved sight with its fragrant bright yellow pea-like flowers on heaths in Britain. A lovely addition to our gardens bringing scent and a gorgeous splash of colour in late spring and early summer. Loved by Bumble bees.
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Broom plants golden vanilla-scented flowers appear for a couple of months from late spring to early summer. As an evergreen, it should be planted more often in gardens, as it is easy to grow and beneficial to local wildlife. It is a bright and cheery plant that gives pleasure to onlookers with its beautiful yellow flowers, in stark contrast to the rough windswept places where it is often found growing, such as moors and heaths.
They are known in Latin as Cytisus plants and are a genus of deciduous and evergreen shrubs found in Europe, West Asia and North Africa and together are known as broom plant. They all have fragrant pea-like flowers.
Broom plants prefer sun and fertile well-drained soil but will survive almost anywhere although they do not like limy soil. It is a sheltering plant offering protection from the elements. Although it appears delicate it can bend with the wind and of course as its name suggests it makes an excellent broom! A feed when young helps its growth in later years. Loved by bees and butterflies. Height in maturity 3m /10ft.
Common Name: Broom Plant
Latin Name: Cytisus scoparius
Soil: Most soils
Position: Full sun, will take very partial shade.
Flowering period: Late spring and early summer.
Colour: Bright yellow flowers
Hardiness: Fully hardy
Special features: Its glorious display of flowers, durability.
Birthday Tree: October 28th – November 24th
Symbolism, Folklore & Old Wives Tales
Badge of the Plantagenet Kings of England.
Gender, Masculine – Planet, Mars – Element, Air –
Powers: Purification, Protection, Wind Spells, Divination
Physician’s Strength ~ October 28th – November 24th
Celtic Summer’s End, Beginning of Winter
Celebration Days, October 31st- Halloween, Samhain.
November 22nd –St Cecilia’s Day, Patroness of Music and the arts.
Broom plants are the emblem of the Royal dynasty – The Plantagenets.
Cytisus is a genus of deciduous and evergreen shrubs found in Europe. West Asia and North Africa and together are known as broom. They all have fragrant pea-like flowers.
Broom plants prefer acid soil but will survive almost anywhere. It is a sheltering plant offering protection from the elements. Although it appears delicate it can bend with the wind and of course as its name suggests it makes an excellent broom.
Brooms golden vanilla-scented flowers appear for a couple of months from late spring to early summer. It is a delicate and elegant plant and to see its beautiful yellow flowers in stark contrast to the rough windswept places where it is found growing most prolifically.
It has long been associated with royalty. It was favoured as an emblem of nobility by the lords of Brittany and thence became the emblem of the Plantagenets who ruled England for more than 300 years. A carving of broom with open pods is to be found on the robes of King Richard 11 on his tomb in Westminster Abbey.
Broom is a medicinal plant traditionally used in the treatment of all diseases associated with excessive revelry. Ancient Celtic texts which discuss the deeper meanings behind the Ogham alphabet underline this link between broom and the healing arts. In the Ogham of Cuchulain, it is the beginning of heroic deeds and healing, and in that of Aonghus, it is called the robe of physicians. All parts of broom plants have healing potential and have close links with Mercury and all deities who preside over the healing arts.
The main medicinal component is sparteine, in very large doses it can create hallucinations. The broom plant is sometimes thought to be the reason behind the link between broom and witches, and the notion that witches ride on broomsticks. It is also associated with Bacchus and other gods of wine and revelry. Broom plant was used magically in spells of purification and protection. It is said to be useful for dealing with poltergeists. A symbol of astral travel it has long associations with healers and magicians.
Falling at the end of the Celtic year the broom plant reminds us to take stock of the importance of our, physical, mental emotional and spiritual wellbeing. A time to start afresh with a new year ahead for us all.
Colour Blue, Planet The Moon, Stone Opal, Polarity Masculine, Element Water
Deities Mercury, Morpheus, Bacchus.
Royalty, Cleansing, Healing, Psychic Protection, Astral Travel